Storage Systems for Electric Vehicles

This research topic concerns the study, development and experimentation of energy storage systems for electric vehicles. In addition to conventional systems based on batteries, alternative storage or generation systems are considered which can replace or support the batteries in supplying the vehicle.


The supercapacitors operate in parallel with the battery to provide power peaks during acceleration and to absorb the power recovered during braking. They are essential when the vehicle is powered by fuel cells.


Fuel cells are an alternative to batteries. Being supplied by a separate hydrogen tank, the energy stored on board the vehicle is independent of the cell power and therefore there is greater flexibility in sizing the accumulation/generation system.


Photovoltaic panels cannot power the electric vehicle, but their contribution increases the range and reduces the recharging time, especially when used in light electric vehicles.